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Germany: Basic Facts

Updated - June 2017

Population:
80,722,792 (July 2016 estimate)
Size:
357,022 sq km (slightly smaller than the US State of Montana)
Bordering countries:
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
Coastline:
2,389 km • Forests and woodland cover 31% of the country
Climate:
temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm, occasional warm, mountain (föhn) wind; high relative humidity
Lowest point:
Neuendorf bei Wilster (-3.54 m)
Highest point:
Zugspitze (2,963 m)
Life expectancy at birth:
78.4 for males, 83.1 for females (2016 estimate)
Religions:
Protestant 27%, Roman Catholic 29%, Muslim 4.4%, unaffiliated or other 39.6%
Government type:
federal parliamentary republic
National capital:
Berlin
Voting Age:
18
States:
Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thüringen
Political parties:
Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), Free Democratic Party (FDP), Social Democratic Party (SPD), Alliance 90/Greens, Left Party (Die Linke), Alternative for Germany (AfD)
Currency:
1 euro (€) = 100 cents
Telephones:
45.352 million land lines 2015 – 96.36 million mobile 2015
Internet users :
70.82 million (2015)
Railways:
43,468.3 km of track
Waterways:
7,467km
Airports (Total of all large and small airports with both paved and unpaved runways):
539
Heliports:
23
Roadways:
644,480 kilometers (12,800 km Autobahn) - includes local roads

(Source: CIA Fact Book)

Number of residents in Germany from English-speaking nations as of 31 December 2015, not including members of the military:

USA
111,529
Great Britain
105,965
India
86,324
Pakistan
61,720
Canada
16,333
Australia/New Zealand
14,311
Ireland
13,108
South Africa
5,308

(Source: Statistisches Bundesamt in Wiesbaden)