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Germany: Basic Facts

Updated - January 2016

Population:
80,664,408 (July 2015 estimate))
Size:
357,022 sq km (slightly smaller than the US State of Montana)
Bordering countries:
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
Coastline:
2,389 km • Forests and woodland cover 31% of the country
Climate:
temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm, occasional warm, mountain (föhn) wind; high relative humidity
Lowest point:
Neuendorf bei Wilster (-3.54 m)
Highest point:
Zugspitze (2,963 m)
Life expectancy at birth:
78.15 for males, 82.86 for females (2014 estimate)
Religions:
Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%
Government type:
federal republic
National capital:
Berlin
Voting Age:
18
States:
Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thüringen
Political parties:
Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), Free Democratic Party (FDP), Social Democratic Party (SPD), Alliance 90/Greens, Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS), Left Party (Die Linke)
Currency:
1 euro (€) = 100 cents
Telephones:
47.02 million (land lines 2014) – 99.5 million (mobile 2014)
Internet users :
70.2 million (2014)
Railways:
43,468.3 km of track
Highways and roads:
231,581km
Waterways:
7,467km
Airports (Total of all large and small airports with both paved and unpaved runways):
539
Heliports:
23
Roadways:
644,480 kilometers (12,800 km Autobahn) - includes local roads

(Source: CIA Fact Book)

Number of residents in Germany from English-speaking nations as of 31 December 2014, not including members of the military:

USA
108,845
Great Britain
103,756
India
76,093
Pakistan
46,569
Canada
15,750
Australia/New Zealand
14,767
Ireland
12,431
South Africa
5,120

(Source: Statistisches Bundesamt in Wiesbaden)