Germany: Basic Facts

Updated - January 2015

Population:
80,996,685 (July 2014 estimate)
Size:
357,022 sq km (slightly smaller than the US State of Montana)
Bordering countries:
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
Coastline:
2,389 km • Forests and woodland cover 31% of the country
Climate:
temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm, occasional warm, mountain (föhn) wind; high relative humidity
Lowest point:
Neuendorf bei Wilster (-3.54 m)
Highest point:
Zugspitze (2,963 m)
Life expectancy at birth:
78.15 for males, 82.86 for females (2014 estimate)
Religions:
Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%
Government type:
federal republic
National capital:
Berlin
Voting Age:
18
States:
Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thüringen
Political parties:
Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), Free Democratic Party (FDP), Social Democratic Party (SPD), Alliance 90/Greens, Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS), Left Party (Die Linke)
Currency:
1 euro (€) = 100 cents
Telephones:
50.7 million (land lines 2012) – 107.7 million (mobile 2012)
Internet users :
65.125 million (2012)
Railways:
41,981 km of track
Highways and roads:
231,581km
Waterways:
7,467km
Airports (Total of all large and small airports with both paved and unpaved runways):
539
Heliports:
28
Roadways:
644,480 kilometers (12,800 km Autobahn) - includes local roads

(Source: CIA Fact Book)

Number of residents in Germany from English-speaking nations as of 31 December 2012, not including members of the military:

USA
107,755
Great Britain
103,427
India
67,481
Pakistan
40,911
Canada
14,943
Australia/New Zealand
14,311
Ireland
11,911
South Africa
5,000

(Source: Statistisches Bundesamt in Wiesbaden)