German Traffic Violations and Fines

On May 1, 2014 a new penalty point system for traffic violations was put into place. There were also some changes made in the fines charged for some violations. The charts below indicate the penalties for many, but not all, of the most common traffic violations.

Here are the specific sections.

Speeding
ViolationFine (€)PointsLicense Suspension
Exceeding Speed LimitWithin/outside city limitsWithin/outside city limitsWithin/outside city limits
Up to 10 km/h15/10
11-15 km/h25/20
16-21 km/h35/30
21-25 km/h80/701
26-30 km/h100/801
31-40 km/h160/12011 month (within city limits)
41-50 km/h200/16021 month
51-60 km/h280/24022 months/1 month
61-70 km/h480/44023 months/2 months
over 70 km/h680/60023 months

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Tailgating
ViolationFine (€)PointsLicense Suspension
Going less than 80km/h
Inadequate distance from vehicle in front25
With endangerment30
With damages35
Distance in meters going faster than 80 km/h (or 100km/h)
Less than 5/10 of half speedometer751
Less than 4/10 of half speedometer1001
Less than 3/10 of half speedometer1601 (2)1 month*
Less than 2/10 of half speedometer2401 (2)2 months*
Less than 1/10 of half speedometer3201 (2)3 months*
(*) = if speed was more than 100 km/h
(Example: At a speed of 100 km/h, the minimum distance to the vehicle in front should be 25 meters - 5/10 of half the speedometer)
Distance in meter going faster than 130 km/h
Less than 5/10 of half speedometer1001
Less than 4/10 of half speedometer1801
Less than 3/10 of half speedometer24021 month
Less than 2/10 of half speedometer32022 months
Less than 1/10 of half speedometer40023 months

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Turning, intersection, lane change violations
ViolationFine (€)Points
Turning or changing lanes without proper signaling10
Turning or changing lanes without proper signaling with endangerment30
Turning or changing lanes without proper signaling with damage35
Failure to yield proper right of way to vehicles while turning or changing lanes20
Failure to yield proper right of way to vehicles while turning or changing lanes with endangerment701
Failure to yield proper right of way to vehicles while turning or changing lanes with damage851
Endangering pedestrians while turning or changing lanes701
Endangering oncoming traffic while turning left701
Entering an intersection or access lane and blocking traffic in stop and go traffic20
Improper turn into private property; illegal/improper backing801

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Autobahn and Highways
ViolationFine (€)PointsLicense Suspension
Turning around/reversing on exit/on ramp751
Turning around/reversing on shoulder1301
Turning/reversing/driving in wrong direction20021 month
Passing on shoulder752
Parking on autobahn or highways702

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Railroad crossing violations
ViolationFine (€)PointsLicense Suspension
Failure to yield to oncoming train80
Failure to yield to barriers (gates, warning lights, attendant) at railway crossing24011 month
Pedestrian/bicycle crossing while gate closed 3501
Vehicular crossing while gate closed 70023 months

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Hit and run
ViolationPoints
Leaving the scene of an accident – also possibility of fine, license suspension and jail depending on circumstances3

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Vehicle deficiencies
ViolationFine (€)Points
Obstructing license plate visibility501
Use of motor vehicle (except motorbike) or trailer with tires below minimal tread requirements601
Or arranged or allowed by owner751
Use of motor vehicle or trailer in deficient condition901
Or arranged or allowed by owner1351

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Pedestrian Crosswalk
ViolationFine (€)Points
Failure to yield to pedestrian, failure to obey posted speed limits, passing in a crosswalk801

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Seatbelt Violations
ViolationFine (€)
Failure to fasten seatbelt (also in buses)30

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Cell phone ban
ViolationFine (€)Points
Use of cell phone while operating a motor vehicle601
Use of cell phone while operating a bicycle 25

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Inspection or Emission Control Violations (expired inspection date)
ViolationFine (€)Points
Up to 2 months15
2 to 4 months25
4 to 8 months401
more than 8 months751

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Failure to use right lane
ViolationFine (€)Points
Hindering another vehicle on autobahns or highways801

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Red light violations
ViolationFine (€)PointsLicense Suspension
Running a red light901
With endangerment20021 month
With damages24021 month
Running an "old" red light (longer than 1 sec.)20021 month
With endangerment32021 month
With damages36021 month

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Illegal, improper or unsafe passing
ViolationFine (€)PointsLicense Suspension
Within city limits30
Within city limits; with damages35
Outside city limits1001
Passing too slowly in relation to the overtaken vehicle801
Unsafe passing for existing traffic conditions1001
Unsafe passing for existing traffic conditions; passing in violation of road signs, outside lane markings1501
With endangerment25021 month
With damages30021 month
Passing inviolation of posted signs701

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Right of way
ViolationFine (€)Points
Approaching priority road at an inappropriate speed10
Hindering vehicle with right of way 25
Failure to stop at a stop sign with endangerment (Also, 1 Month Suspension) 1001
Violating of right of way while entering autobahn or highways753
Failure to yield at a stop sign503

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Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol/Drugs
Blood alcohol level 0.5 pro milliliter or more/Failing test for drugsFine (€)PointsLicense Suspension
First Offense50021 month
Second Offense1,00023 months
Third Offense1,50023 months
If traffic was endangered3Driving privileges revoked immediately, possibility of jail time and/or very heavy fines

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Child vehicle safety violations
ViolationFine (€)Points
Failure to fasten child's seatbelt (also in buses)30
Unsafe transportation of one child but with restraining device30
Unsafe transportation of multiple children but with restraining devices35
Transporting one child without restraining device601
Transporting multiple children without restraining devices701

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(Sources in German: http://www.bmvi.de/SharedDocs/DE/Artikel/LA/bussgeldkatalog.html and http://www.bussgeldkatalog.org/)