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Germany: Basic Facts

Updated - April 2018

Population:
80,594,417 (July 2017 estimate)
Size:
357,022 sq km (slightly smaller than the US State of Montana)
Bordering countries:
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
Coastline:
2,389 km • Forests and woodland cover 31% of the country
Climate:
temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm, occasional warm, mountain (föhn) wind; high relative humidity
Lowest point:
Neuendorf bei Wilster (-3.54 m)
Highest point:
Zugspitze (2,963 m)
Life expectancy at birth:
78.5 for males, 83.3 for females (2017 estimate)
Religions:
Protestant 27%, Roman Catholic 29%, Muslim 4.4%, unaffiliated or other 39.6%
Government type:
federal parliamentary republic
National capital:
Berlin
Voting Age:
18
States:
Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thüringen
Major Political parties:
Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), Free Democratic Party (FDP), Social Democratic Party (SPD), Alliance 90/Greens, Left Party (Die Linke), Alternative for Germany (AfD)
Currency:
1 euro (€) = 100 cents
Telephones:
44.31 million land lines 2016 – 94.43 million mobile 2016
Internet users :
72.365 million (2016)
Railways:
43,468.3 km of track
Waterways:
7,467km
Airports (Total of all large and small airports with both paved and unpaved runways):
539
Heliports:
23
Roadways:
645,000 kilometers (12,800 km Autobahn) - includes local roads

(Source: CIA Fact Book)

Number of residents in Germany from English-speaking nations as of 31 December 2016, not including members of the military:

USA
114,145
Great Britain
107,005
India
97,865
Pakistan
73,790
Canada
16,885
Australia/New Zealand
14,767
Ireland
13,785
South Africa
5,655

(Source: Statistisches Bundesamt in Wiesbaden)